.: Bangladesh @t a Glance :.
The People's Republic Of Bangladesh
Dhaka (Area 414 Sq Km. Master plan 777 Sq Km.)
Click here to see the Dhaka Area Map
click this link to see the
- - - - - Bangladesh Map
Currency unit is Taka. Notes are of 1,2,5,10,20,50,100 and 500 Taka. Coins are of 25,50 and 100 Paisa (100 Paisa = 1 Taka)
Bengali is the state language. English is also widely spoken and understood. Arabic is read and spoken for religious purposes.
Total estimated population 130 Million.
Muslim 88.3%, Hindu 10.5%, others 1.2%
Total: 144,000 sq km
Land: 133,910 sq km
Water: 10,090 sq km
Latitude from 20 degree 34' to 26 degree 38' north. Longitude from 88 degree 01' to 92 degree 41' east.
Bounded by India from the north, east and west, Burma from the south-east and the Bay of Bengal from the south.
Tropical; cool, dry winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); cool, rainy monsoon (June to October)
National Martyrs Day ( February 21)
Independence Day ( March 26 )
Victory Day ( December 16)
Tourist InterestsPrincipal Rivers
Longest sea beach, colorful tribal life, centuries' old archeological sites, the Sundarbans (home of the Royal Bengal Tigers and spotted deer), largest tea gardens, interesting riverine life, etc.
Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Madhumati, Surma and KushiaraPrincipal Crops
Rice, jute, tobacco, tea, sugarcane, vegetables, potato, pulses, etc.
Mango, banana, pineapple, jack-fruit, water-melon, green coconut, guava, lichis, etc.
Jute, sugar, paper, textiles, fertilizers, cigarette, cement, steel, natural gas, oil-refinery, newsprint, power generation, rayon, matches, fishing and food processing, leather, soap, carpet, timber, ship-building, telephone, etc.
Bangladesh emerged as an independent country in 1971 through an armed struggle. The history of the country is as old as it is eventful. In the ancient age, an Austro-Asian race first inhabited this part of the region. Then came the Dravidians from Western India and later on the Aryans from Central Asia to establish their small settlements. This followed the influx of the Mongolians, Persians, Turks and Afghans.
- - - - -
According to Greek sources of the 4th century B.C., the people of this deltaic-region made extensive military preparations to halt the advance of Alexander the Great who had chosen to continue his eastward march. Later records, inscriptions, coins and ornaments testify to the traditional civilization and glorious past of East Bengal, now Bangladesh. Muslims, who came to this region at the beginning of the 13th century, continued their rule till the advent of the British occupation in the 18th century. The British domination over the subcontinent was for about 200 years, and while leaving in 1947 they partitioned it into two sovereign states, India and Pakistan. Bangladesh formed the eastern wing of Pakistan until it became independent on March 26, 1971.
Although the literacy rate is still around 42.6% , the trend towards higher education in the urban society is noticeable. There are 10 general universities in the public and private sectors, one engineering university and one agricultural university in the country, besides 18 medical colleges and one Institute on Post Graduate Medicine. A large number of vocational and technical institutions with a wide variety of specialization's are also in existence in the country. One International Institute on Engineering and Technology funded by the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) is operating in Bangladesh with expatriate teachers and students from the OIC member-nations. Besides, hundreds and thousands of general colleges, high schools, junior high schools and primary/nursery schools are in operation.
Lowest 47" and highest 136"